How to Factory Reset a Windows 10 Laptop


If you’re experiencing problems with your Windows 10 laptop, such as slow performance or glitches, a factory reset can be a great solution. This process will wipe your device clean and restore it to its original state, giving you a fresh start without any issues.

Before you begin the factory reset process, it’s important to back up your data, as you’ll lose everything on your laptop during the reset. Once you’ve backed up your data, you can proceed with the reset itself.

There are two main ways to factory reset a Windows 10 laptop: using the built-in reset function or using installation media. In this guide, we’ll cover both methods.

How to Factory Reset a Windows 10 Laptop:

Method 1: Using the Built-In Reset Function

Step 1: Back up your data

Before you begin the reset process, it’s important to back up your data. You can do this by copying your files to an external hard drive or using a cloud storage service like OneDrive or Google Drive.

Step 2: Open the Settings app

Click on the “Start” menu and select the gear icon to open the Settings app.

Step 3: Navigate to the “Update & Security” section

Click on “Update & Security” in the Settings app.

Step 4: Select “Recovery”

In the left-hand menu, select “Recovery.”

Step 5: Click on “Get started”

Under “Reset this PC,” click on “Get started.”

Step 6: Choose your reset option

You’ll be presented with two options: “Keep my files” and “Remove everything.” Choose the option that best suits your needs.

Step 7: Follow the on-screen instructions

Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the reset process.


Method 2: Using Installation Media

Step 1: Back up your data

As with the first method, it’s important to back up your data before beginning the reset process.

Step 2: Create installation media

To use this method, you’ll need to create installation media. You can do this by downloading the Media Creation Tool from the Microsoft website and following the on-screen instructions.

Step 3: Boot from the installation media

Insert the installation media into your laptop and restart your device. Press the key that takes you to the boot menu (this is usually F12, but it may vary depending on your device). Select the installation media from the list of options.

Step 4: Choose your language and region

Follow the on-screen instructions to choose your language and region.

Step 5: Select “Install now”

Click on “Install now” to begin the installation process.

Step 6: Accept the license terms

Read through the license terms and click on “Accept” to continue.

Step 7: Choose your installation type

Select “Custom” to perform a clean installation.

Step 8: Delete partitions

Select the partition where Windows is currently installed and click on “Delete.” Repeat this process for all other partitions on your hard drive.

Step 9: Install Windows

Follow the on-screen instructions to install Windows.


Q: Will a factory reset remove all of my programs?

A: Yes, a factory reset will remove all programs and files from your laptop.

Q: Do I need to reinstall Windows after a factory reset?

A: No, you don’t need to reinstall Windows after a factory reset, as it will be included in the reset process.

Q: How long does a factory reset take?

A: The length of time a factory reset takes can vary depending on the size of your hard drive and the speed of your laptop. It can take anywhere from 30 minutes to several hours.


Performing a factory reset on your Windows 10 laptop can be a great way to fix performance issues and get a fresh start. Whether you choose to use the built-in reset function or installation media, it’s important to back up your data beforehand and follow the on-screen instructions carefully. If you run into any issues during the reset process, consult Microsoft’s support documentation or seek assistance from a professional.

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